From the fields of Warangal, where she used to earn Rs 5 per day, to becoming the CEO of Key Software Solutions in the US, it has been a long journey for D Anila Jyothi Reddy.
The story of the charismatic entrepreneur who employs 63 people is as dramatic as that of a Bollywood movie. "I never feel shy about speaking of my background, though some of the experiences were unpleasant and hurtful," said Reddy, who is in the city to take part in the International Women's Day celebrations being held at the UGC Academic Staff College, Andhra University.
Reddy was the second of five siblings of a poor family. Having lost her mother early in life, Jyothi was put in an orphanage so that she could get some education. She passed Class X in first division but extreme poverty forced her to discontinue studies and work in the fields.
When she was 16, Reddy was forcibly married off to a distant cousin and in the next two years she had two children. Tired of living in poverty and desirous of giving her children a good life, Reddy kept trying for various jobs. In 1988, she joined as adult education teacher at a remuneration of Rs 120 a month. "In those days, Rs 120 was a lot of money for me. I could at least buy fruit and milk for my children. Next, I worked as a National Service Volunteer for Rs 200 a month," she said.
"Despite my husband's disapproval, I moved out of the village, Mailaran, with my children and went to Hanamkonda town. I joined a typing institute, did a craft course and earned Rs 20-25 daily by stitching petticoats at Re 1 per piece. I also got a job as the librarian at Janasikshana Nilayam and joined an open school where I would go every Sunday to continue my studies," said Reddy.
"In 1992, I got an 18-month job as a special teacher at Ameenpet, 70 km from Warangal. The journey would cost me more than my salary. I used to sell sarees in the train every day to earn the extra money. Finally I got a regular job in 1994 at a monthly salary of Rs 2,750. I worked as mandal girl child development officer and would inspect the schools," she said.
The ambitious woman was not satisfied with earning just enough to bring up her two children. When she saw her cousin, who had come down from the US to Warangal in 1998, she wondered about the differences in their lifestyle and felt that she could learn software courses like her cousin and try to better her fortunes in the US.
"My next step was to learn software from VCL Computers in Hyderabad. I took a long leave from the office, got my passport and H1 visa ready and in 2000 I went to the US, where my husband's cousin was. I took a job in a shop earning $60 for a 12-hour job and stayed as a paying guest with a Gujarati family," said the Key Software Solutions CEO whose autobiography Aina Nenu Odipoledu (I haven't been defeated) is to be released on March 10.
"Then a contact in the US asked me to join as a software recruiter. Though I wasn't fluent in English then, I overcame all challenges and gradually started my own company," she said.
With her children, who are now engineering graduates, married and settled in the US, Reddy wants to focus on her dream project which is providing placement and training to 1,000 youth and to start a school that has classes from LKG to PG. Reddy, who is associated with numerous charitable projects, is also an ardent advocate of orphans' rights.
"I want to do much more. Women can also become better businessmen than men by sheer hard work and intelligence," she said.
"I want to tell women to be economically independent and take their own decisions instead of depending on their fathers, husbands and sons at various stages in life. They keep educational degrees as mere certificates and stop working after marriage unlike in the US. Be the master of your fate and remember, taking care of children is part of life, but not a life," she said.
Source - http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/D-Anila-Jyothi-Reddy-A-journey-from-farm-labourer-to-IT-firms-CEO/articleshow/18857681.cms
Saina Nehwal (born 17 March 1990) is an Indian badminton player, former world no.1 in Women's Singles. She is the first Indian to win a medal in Badminton at the Olympics. She achieved this feat by winning the Bronze medal at the London Olympics 2012 on 4 August 2012. She is also the first Indian after Prakash Padukone and the first Indian woman to become world number 1 badminton player. Besides these, she is the first Indian to win the World Junior Badminton Championships and was also the first Indian to win a Super Series tournament, by clinching the Indonesia Open on 21 June 2009. Saina is supported by the Olympic Gold Quest.
Saina was initially coached by S. M. Arif a Dronacharya Award winner, and then by Pullela Gopichand till 2014 September. Saina is the reigning Indian national champion and is currently coached by the former Indian badminton champion and national coach Vimal Kumar. Saina Nehwal played for Hyderabad Hotshots in the Indian Badminton League in 2013. She won silver at 2015 BWF World Championship becoming the first Indian to do so.
Saina Nehwal, second daughter of Harvir Singh and Usha Rani, was born in a Hindu Jat family in Hisar. Her father worked in CCS HAU she completed her first few years of schooling at Campus School CCS HAU, Hisar. The family later shifted to Hyderabad. Nehwal also has a brown belt in Karate. Saina did her Xll from St.Anns College Mehdipatnam Hyderabad.
Today she stands as the Icon for many a young athlete in India who are constantly asked to focus on studies and are more often than not discouraged to take up sports other than cricket. Here's wishing her all the best!
|P. Kathiresan, the mushroom cultivator from Tirupur district, and his son, taking a look at the mushrooms produced in his unit.|
Started mushroom cultivation out of sheer fascination, P. Kathiresan (44) and his younger sibling P. Suresh (40) from Nallagoundenpalayam have now completed 25 years of donning the dual role of mushroom and mushroom spawn producers.
“It is rare that mushroom farmers themselves produce mushroom spawns as they usually outsource the spawns. Here, the brothers are not only using the spawns for their own mushroom production but also commercially producing the same for other mushroom cultivators,” pointed out A. Venkattaraman, Assistant Director of Agriculture.
Belonging to an agrarian family which was involved in vegetable cultivation, Mr. Kathiresan and Mr. Suresh developed interest in mushroom in their student days just by the sight of the said produce. They did not think twice before setting up shed on a 12,000 sq ft area and started mushroom production in a primitive way using cholam as a medium to cultivate spawns.
“We have started the production of mushroom spawn, which is nothing but the seed required for growing mushroom, in tandem with the mushroom rearing. This is due to the difficultly faced to source the spawns at requisite quantities at desired intervals because of inadequate production of spawns,” pointed out Mr. Suresh.
Sustainability of the brothers in spawn production, which is highly technical, has been attributed to their willingness to incorporate new technologies from time to time.
They are now using ultra-violet chambers and related advance techniques to produce sterilised spawns to avoid contamination. Due to this, the brothers are able to produce 120 kg of mushroom and 500 packets of mushroom spawn (each 350 g that can produce 1.5 kg of mushroom) daily.
Each kg of mushroom fetches them Rs. 140 and each packet of spawn gets them Rs. 30. “Since not much of high quality spawns are available, customers from as far as Chennai come here to source it,” said Mr. Suresh.
Source - http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/siblings-success-story-in-mushroom-spawn/article8545610.ece
Hello Guys, This is my first post over farmers success Story. I have taken this article from thehindu. Prem Singh's farm has plenty of water, fruit-bearing trees, and organic products in the drought hit Uttar Pradesh’s Bundelkhand.
In the parched, brown landscape of Uttar Pradesh’s Bundelkhand region, where hundreds of distressed farmers have taken their lives in the past few decades or have been forced to migrate, Prem Singh’s farm is an exception.
In the fabulous green farm, there is plenty for everyone: abundance of water-bodies for animals to drink from, many fruit-bearing trees, a steady produce of organic products, healthy cattle, well-nourished soil and natural fertilizers and, importantly, a steady flow of income. The 32 bighas of land that Mr. Singh shares with his three brothers also boasts of a one-of-a-kind rural museum, the Humane Agrarian Centre. A farmer-activist based in Banda’s Badokhar Khurd village, Mr. Singh believes that his experiment with “sustainable and traditional farming” could be replicated at a larger level, and could pave the way for a policy change.
“The idea is to ensure the prosperity of the farmer’s family, ecological balance and food security of the country.”
He calls his pioneering method of sustainable farming ‘Aavartansheel Kheti.’ Loosely translated, as per a book he co-authored with Belgium environmentalist Johan D’hulster, it means ‘periodic proportionate farming.’
Key elements of this approach are crop rotation, organic farming, animal husbandry, food processing, planting and research for improving soil fertility and seed development. The essence is to minimise the farmers’ reliance on the market while improving their standard of living.
The farmer would have to utilise his farm by dividing it into three parts: one-third would be used for rearing fruits and crops, the other for growing timber and the remaining portion for animal husbandry. Mr. Singh’s multi-pronged technique, pioneered and implemented by him for over a decade, is similar to the idea of farming Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been propagating in his addresses to farmers.
The farmer, known in the area as “pragatisheel” or progressive, advises farmers to not directly trade their produce in the market but to sell the processed extracts. For instance, sell paneer but not milk, and so on. “That will link the farm to the kitchen. And also give the customers a better quality and nutritious product,” said Mr. Singh. Some of the popular products at his farm are amla pickle and candy, cow ghee, mustard oil, organic rice and flour (wheat, gram, and barley). Asked whether it was practical for small farmers, Mr. Singh said, “yes,” with certain adaptations and adjustments.
Born in 1964 into a farming background, Mr. Singh studied philosophy in Allahabad University but soon turned to his ancestral vocation. In 1995, he adopted a traditional method of farming, triggered by his dismay at the “negative impact” of the Green Revolution.
He says the Green Revolution and other policies played a big role in dismantling the traditional structure of farming and pushed the farmer to the mercy of unsustainable methods, which also harmed environment. Mr. Singh links it to the present crisis, where three consecutive droughts, with bouts of unseasonal rains and hailstorm, have devastated the morale of the Bundelkhand farmer.
“The outside knowhow of some experts was forced upon farmers. Till 1980, not a single bag of urea was purchased in Bundelkhand. But due to the government’s policies, farmers were forced to abort traditional and more sustainable methods, eventually leading them into debt-traps,” Mr. Singh said. “Every time a farmer commits suicide, the government says he was burdened by debt. What is the key reason for the debt? The farmers are dying because they follow the schemes of the government. This is the real injustice.”
Droughts are not new to Bundelkhand. As per records, in the last century it witnessed 17 major droughts, 10 of them caused by deficient rainfall. But the traditional water-recharging methods, numerous ponds, and natural harvesting techniques of people then mitigated the scarcity. The steps taken by the government in the last three decades have nullified the work of the ancestors, Mr. Singh said.
“The crops grown then did not require much water. With the Green Revolution, underground water began to be extracted heavily to sustain the thirst of the seeds. The local seeds were tested and adapted to fight drought. But the seeds introduced by the government needed excess water and urea to grow. Tractors further increased the costs,” Mr. Singh said.
At the centre of it all, said Mr. Singh, was the ruling class’ apathy towards farmers, manifested in their lack of representation in policy formation. The farming sector was bearing the brunt of their mistakes and excesses of the industrial and service sectors.
Keywords: Bundelkhand drought, drought 2016, Prem Singh, Badokhar Khurd village, Humane Agrarian Centre
Source - The Hindu
Chanda Kochhar (born 17 November 1961) is the managing director (MD) and chief executive officer (CEO) of ICICI Bank. She is widely recognised for her role in shaping retail banking in India.
Kochhar was born in Jodhpur, Rajasthan and raised in Jaipur, Rajasthan. She is an alumnus of St. Angela Sophia School, Jaipur. She then moved to Mumbai, where she joined Jai Hind College for a Bachelor of Arts degree. After graduating in 1982, she studied cost accountancy and later, went on to acquire a master's degree in Management Studies from Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai. She received the Wockhardt Gold Medal for Excellence in Management Studies as well as the J. N. Bose Gold Medal in Cost Accountancy.
Kochhar resides in Mumbai, and is married to Deepak Kochhar, a wind energy entrepreneur and her business schoolmate. She has two children, daughter Aarti and son, Arjun.
In 1984, Kochhar joined the Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI) as a management trainee. During her early years at ICICI Ltd., she handled Project Appraisal and Monitoring and was entrusted with the task of appraising projects in various industries like textile, paper and cement.
Kochhar was instrumental in establishing ICICI Bank during the 1990s. In 1993, Kochhar was appointed as one of the core team members who were assigned the responsibility of setting up the bank. She was promoted to assistant general manager in 1994 and then to deputy general manager in 1996. In 1996, Kochhar headed the newly formed Infrastructure Industry Group of ICICI Bank, which aimed to create dedicated industry expertise in the areas of power, telecom and transportation. In 1998, she was promoted as the General Manager and headed ICICI Bank's major client group, which handled relationships with ICICI's top 200 clients. In 1999, she also handled the strategy and e-commerce divisions of ICICI Bank. Under Kochhar's leadership, ICICI Bank started building the nascent retail business in 2000 focusing largely on technology, innovation, process engineering and expansion of distribution and scale.In April 2001, she took over as executive director. In 2006, Kochhar was appointed as deputy managing director of ICICI Bank. In 2006- 07, Kochhar handled the international and corporate businesses of the bank. From 2007 to 2009, she was the bank's chief financial officer (CFO) & joint managing director (JMD).
2009 to present
In 2009 Kochhar was appointed Managing Director (MD) & Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the bank and since then has been responsible for the bank’s diverse operations in India and overseas. She also chairs the boards of most of the bank’s subsidiaries, which include India’s leading private sector life and general insurance companies. In addition to her responsibilities at the ICICI Group, Ms. Kochhar is a member of the India – Japan Business Leaders Forum and the US-India CEO Forum. She is currently the President of the International Monetary Conference, an organization that annually brings together the chief executives of approximately 70 of the world’s largest financial institutions from 30 countries, along with officials from government institutions. She is also the Deputy Chairperson of the Indian Banks Association. She is on the boards of Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, National Institute of Securities Markets and Institute of International Finance. Ms. Kochhar has been a member of the Prime Minister’s Council on Trade & Industry, the Board of Trade and High-Level Committee on Financing Infrastructure. She was also co-chair of the World Economic Forum’s Annual Meeting in 2011. Ms. Kochhar received an honorary Doctor of Laws from Carleton University, Canada in 2014. The university conferred this award on Ms. Kochhar in recognition of her pioneering work in the financial sector, effective leadership in a time of economic crisis and support for engaged business practices. She was conferred with the Padma Bhushan, one of India's highest civilian honours, in 2011.
Under Kochhar's leadership, ICICI Bank won the "Best Retail Bank in India" award in 2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005 and "Excellence in Retail Banking Award" in 2002; both awards were given by The Asian Banker. Kochhar personally was awarded "Retail Banker of the Year 2004 (Asia-Pacific region)" by the Asian Banker, "Business Woman of the Year 2005" by The Economic Times and "Rising Star Award" for Global Awards 2006 by Retail Banker International. Kochhar has also consistently figured in Fortune's list of "Most Powerful Women in Business" since 2005.
Kochhar has also consistently figured in Fortune's list of "Most Powerful Women in Business" since 2005. Chanda Kochhar was awarded with ASSOCHAM Ladies League Mumbai Women of the Decade Achievers Award on 2 January 2014.
In 2010, Kochhar received the Padma Bhushan Award, the third highest civilian honour awarded by the Government of India, for her services to the banking sector.